2011年3月26日星期六

大農業想把揭露工廠養殖場虐待動物的人定罪

大農業想把揭露工廠養殖場虐待動物的人定罪
Big Ag Wants To Make It a Crime to Expose Animal Abuse at Factory Farms
Lawmakers in Florida and Iowa have introduced bills to establish criminal penalties for going undercover at agricultural facilities and simply taking pictures.
在佛羅里達州和愛荷華州的國會議員已提出法案,定立刑事處罰對在農業設施僅是拍照的臥底。
The Humane Society of the United States /
By Wayne Pacelle
March 21, 2011
Translation by Autumnson Blog

What do Florida and Iowa have in common when it comes to animal agriculture? They've both been hot spots, past and present, for the movement to combat some of the worst abuses in industrial agribusiness. And now the factory farming industry is fighting back in both states—and their latest methods represent their biggest overreach yet.
當談到畜牧業,佛羅里達州和愛荷華州有什麼共通點?他們兩者都已是過去和現在的熱點,給運動來打擊一些最惡劣的工農業虐待。而現在工廠養殖場業在這兩個州反擊 - 以及它們最新的方法還代表他們的最大過度擴張。

In Florida, the Humane Society of the United States and other groups pushed for the adoption of the first statewide law in the country to restrict the extreme confinement of animals on factory farms. In 2002, voters there passed Amendment 10, to phase out the caging of breeding sows in gestation crates. In Iowa, HSUS and other animal welfare groups have conducted a series of undercover investigations (see the video) to expose cruelty in the nation's biggest factory farming state.
在佛羅里達州,美國慈善協會和其它團體推動採用第一條國內的州際法律,限制工廠養殖場的極端動物禁閉。 在2002年,那裡的選民通過的修正案10,逐步淘汰母豬在妊娠箱的繁殖隔離罩。在艾奧瓦州,美國慈善協會和其它他動物福利團體已進行一系列的秘密調查(見視頻 video),揭露在全國最大的工廠養殖狀態的殘酷。
Now, these two states have something else in common. They are trying to make it a crime to photograph or videotape farm animals. They don't want to criminalize animal cruelty, but they do want to make criminals of people trying to document abuse and to put an end to the cruelty. Lawmakers have introduced bills in both states to establish criminal penalties for going undercover at agricultural facilities and simply taking pictures.
現在這兩州有其它東西共通,他們正試圖使為農場動物拍照或錄像成為犯罪。他們不想將虐待動物犯罪化,但他們確想使試圖證明虐待的人成為犯罪份子,並把殘酷結束。議員們已在兩州提出法案,為在農業設施臥底及只是拍照的人刷立刑事處罰。
Mind you, if this legislation is enacted, it won't just be a setback for animal welfare. Shabby, squalid, overcrowded conditions for animals on factory farms are also a food-safety threat for Americans, with millions of Americans sickened every year by contaminated food. It was, of course, an Iowa egg factory farm that was forced to recall half a billion eggs last year because of a Salmonella outbreak, creating one of the biggest food product recalls in American history.

With a potentially dramatic pare-back of funding for federal inspections of animal-agriculture operations looming, at production and slaughter facilities, these new proposed policies to bar the exposure of unhealthy and unsafe practices could not come at a more inopportune time. The industry has long argued for self-regulation, and with government inspection programs stretched so thin, they now want no meddling animal advocacy groups looking either.

Our exposés aren’t just important for raising public awareness about the mistreatment of animals. HSUS investigations have led to the largest meat recall in U.S. history, misdemeanor and felony cruelty convictions, closure of rogue slaughter plants, and disciplinary actions for government inspectors not doing their jobs. None of these important services we fulfill would be possible if such far-reaching and stifling laws are enacted.

It's precisely because of what past factory farm investigations have uncovered—cruelty at egg farms, pig farms, and other settings—that such exposés are critical to the movement for animal welfare and food safety. With some members of the agriculture industry, including Dr. Temple Grandin, calling for more transparency at animal-raising facilities, these bills run in the opposite direction, seeking to criminalize efforts even to take a picture or to produce a video. They want to criminalize whistle-blowers who bring abuses to the attention of regulatory agencies, or even snap a photo on a cell phone.
[The HSUS] Taking a photo like this one without permission would
be illegal under proposed bills in Iowa and Florida.
[The HSUS]未經允許拍一幀像這樣的照片將是非法的,
根據在愛荷華州和佛羅里達州擬議的法案。

I can understand why factory farmers don’t want the public seeing images of their business practices. The images of almost featherless hens, so crowded the animals are living on top of each other, or pigs being struck with metal bars by workers coarsened to their duties are deeply disconcerting. The response should not be, as in some country ruled by a dictator or a junta, to have the strongmen grab the cameras and smash them to the ground or melt them in a fire, as the authorities do in order to hide the beating and shooting of pro-democracy advocates. It's the same principle at work for the strongmen in these state legislatures. Their scheme is a neater way to smash those cameras to the ground and hide what's going on. Ironically, they want to prevent their very own customers, America's consuming public, from learning about the production practices that bring food to their tables and plates.
http://www.alternet.org/story/150312/big_ag_wants_to_make_it_a_crime_to_expose_animal_abuse_at_factory_farms?akid=6719.225075.L9cQX-&rd=1&t=27

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