2010年9月26日星期日

突破性研究顯示:孟山都的召集與出生缺陷有關聯

聽過香港好似用緊好多轉基因大豆製作豆奶類食品或飲品?


突破性研究顯示:孟山都的召集與出生缺陷有關聯
Groundbreaking Study Shows Monsanto’s Roundup Link to Birth Defects
By Vigilant
September 21st, 2010
Source: organicconsumers.org
Glyphosate, the active ingredient in the world’s best-selling weedkiller Roundup, causes malformations in frog and chicken embryos at doses far lower than those used in agricultural spraying and well below maximum residue levels in products presently approved in the European Union. This is reported in research (1) published by a group around Professor Andrés Carrasco, director of the Laboratory of Molecular Embryology at the University of Buenos Aires Medical School and member of Argentina’s National Council of Scientific and Technical Research.
草甘膦,是世界上最暢銷的除草劑召集的活躍成分,導致青蛙和雞的胚胎畸形,以劑量遠遠低於那些用於農業噴灑的,和大低於目前在歐盟批准的產品最高殘留水平。這是在研究的報告(1)發表自圍繞安德烈斯卡拉斯科教授的一組人,即布宜諾斯艾利斯大學醫學院分子胚胎實驗室主任,和阿根廷國民議會科學和技術研究的會員。
Carrasco was led to research the embryonic effects of glyphosate by reports of high rates of birth defects in rural areas of Argentina where Monsanto’s genetically modified “Roundup Ready” (RR) soybeans are grown in large monocultures sprayed from airplanes regularly. RR soy is engineered to tolerate Roundup, allowing farmers to spray the herbicide liberally to kill weeds while the crop is growing.
卡拉斯科被引導去作草甘膦的胚胎影響研究,由於在阿根廷農村地區的高出生缺陷率報告,在那裡孟山都的轉基因“準備召集”(RR)大豆,以大型單一栽培方式被種植及定期從飛機噴灑。RR大豆是設計去忍受召集,允許農民去噴灑除草劑以殺死雜草,而作物在生長。
At a press conference during the 6th European Conference of GMO Free Regions in the European Parliament in Brussels Carrasco said, “The findings in the lab are compatible with malformations observed in humans exposed to glyphosate during pregnancy.” Reporting of such problems started in 2002, two years after large scale introduction of RR soybeans in Argentina. The experimental animals share similar developmental mechanisms with humans. The authors concluded that the results raise “concerns about the clinical findings from human offspring in populations exposed to Roundup in agricultural fields.” Carrasco added, “I suspect the toxicity classification of glyphosate is too low. In some cases this can be a powerful poison.” 在布魯塞爾卡拉斯科歐洲議會內,第6屆轉基因自由地區的歐洲會議新聞發布會上說:“這一項在實驗室中的發現是觀察到人類畸形兼容的,在懷孕期間接觸草甘膦。”這些問題的報告在2002年開始,在阿根廷大規模引進RR大豆後兩年。實驗動物分享著相似的人類發展機制。作者結論,結果引起“關注有關臨床研究結果,來自人口中的人類後代接觸農田中的召集。”卡拉斯科補充:“我懷疑草甘膦的毒性分類是太低,在某些個案中,這可以是一種強力的毒藥。“

The maximum residue level (MRL) allowed for glyphosate in soy in the EU is 20 mg/kg. The level was increased 200-fold from 0.1 mg/kg to 20 mg/kg in 1997 after GM RR soy was commercialized in Europe. Carrasco found malformations in embryos injected with 2.03 mg/kg glyphosate. Soybeans can contain glyphosate residues of up to 17mg/kg.

In August 2010 Amnesty International reported that an organized mob violently attacked people who gathered to hear Carrasco talk about his research in the town of La Leonesa, Chaco province. Witnesses implicated local agro-industry figures in the attack.

Carrasco is also the co-author of a report, “GM Soy: Sustainable? Responsible?” released on September 16 by a group of international scientists. The report documents a bulk of evidence in scientific studies on the harmful health and environmental impacts of GM RR soy and Roundup.

This report is released together with the testimonies of people who have suffered from such spraying. Viviana Peralta, a housewife from San Jorge, Santa Fe, Argentina was hospitalized together with her baby after Roundup spraying from planes flying near her home. Peralta and other residents launched a lawsuit that resulted in a regional court ban on the spraying of Roundup and other agrochemicals near houses.

ENDS

(1) Paganelli, A., Gnazzo, V., Acosta, H., López, S.L., Carrasco, A.E. 2010. Glyphosate-based herbicides produce teratogenic effects on vertebrates by impairing retinoic acid signalling. Chem. Res. Toxicol., August 9. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx1001749


(2) GM Soy: Sustainable? Responsible?” is released on September 16 by Andrés Carrasco and eight other international scientists: http://www.gmo-free-regions.org/conference2010/press.html

http://vigilantcitizen.com/?p=5039

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