2011年11月3日星期四

南加州大學科學家破解秘密社團的密碼

USC Scientist Cracks Mysterious "Copiale Cipher"
南加州大學科學家破解神秘的“Copiale密碼”
2011-10-12
USC's Professor Kevin Knight is part of an international team that finally cracked the "Copiale Cipher," a strange, 105-page message handwritten in abstract symbols and Latin letters revealing the rituals and political leanings of a 18th-century secret society in Germany.
南加州大學的教授凱文奈特是一國際研究小組的部份,終於破解了“Copiale密碼”,一種奇怪、105頁以抽象符號和拉丁文字手寫的訊息,揭示德國18世紀時的一個秘密社團的禮儀和政治傾向。


Secret society's code cracked
秘密社團的密碼被破解
25 Oct 2011
By Alan Boyle
Translation by Autumnson Blog
手稿怎樣說
What the manuscript says
The text, apparently written in the 1760-1780 time frame, is "obviously related to an 18th-century secret society, namely the 'oculist order,'" the researchers say. The volume is inscribed "Phillipp 1866," perhaps suggesting that it passed into the hands of an owner named Phillipp in that year.
文本顯然地寫於一七六0年至八0年的時框,是“明顯地與一個 18世紀的秘密社團有關,名稱是'眼科醫生秩序,'”研究人員說。該卷被題寫為“菲利蒲 1866年,”或許表明它當年被傳遞到一位名叫菲利蒲的擁有者手中。
The manuscript, available in several formats from Uppsala University's website, describes the procedure for initiating new members of the society. At one point, candidates are asked to read the writing on a blank piece of paper. When they can't, they're told to put on eyeglasses, and then they undergo an "operation" that involves plucking a hair from the eyebrow. After the operation, the blank paper is replaced by a document laying out "the entire teaching for the apprentices."
可從烏普薩拉大學網站取得以幾種格式提供的手稿,描述社團新成員入會的過程。在一關節眼,考生被要求閱讀在一片白紙上的書寫。當他們做不來,他們被告知戴上眼鏡,然後他們進行一項“行動”,涉及從眉毛拔一條毛髮。行動後,空白紙張會由一份文檔取代,列出“給學徒的整套教導。”
Later, "the left part of the chest and the right knee get uncovered, the eyes are being tied, and all sorts of words of comfort are spoken, which raise even more fear." The candidates are told, "Prepare yourself to die" — but that's just a scare tactic. No injuries are inflicted in the course of the ceremony.
其後,“胸部的左邊部分和右膝被敞開,眼睛被捆綁,及所有種種安慰的話被說出,那提升甚至更多的恐懼。”考生被告知,“準備自己會死” - 但那衹只一種嚇唬人的策略。在儀式的過程中是沒有人造成受傷的。
Another section of the book describes how members can recognize each other. When one member asks how "Hans" is, the other should respond by mentioning a name that begins with the second letter of the first name — for example, "He's with Anton."
書的另一部分描述會員如何可以互相認知,當一名成員詢問“漢斯”如何,其他人應回應以提到一個名字,是以第一個名字的第二個字母開始的 - 例如,“他與安東在一起。”
Other passages discuss how much members at various levels of the secret society should know about the codes and customs. The manuscript notes that secret societies were established in England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, "but because they practiced more evil than good, they have been destroyed." In Germany, societies in different cities are associated with different hand signs: a forefinger on the mouth for Berlin; the middle finger on the right eye and a thumb on the ear for Frankfurt; a forefinger on the chin for Marburg.
其它多段討論了秘密社團的各級成員有多少應該知道代碼和關口,手稿指出秘密社團在英國伊麗莎白女王统治期間成立,“但是因為他們實行邪多善少,他們已被毀滅。”在德國,不同城市的社團與不同的手勢有關:柏林的是食指放在口上;法蘭克福的是中指放在右眼而拇指放在耳上;食指放在下巴上的則是馬爾堡。
Some passages even take on political issues, referring to a three-headed monster as symbolizing "rule and governance which, by means of power and perfidy, deprive man of his natural freedom and enjoyment of the timely things and [that which] we human beings need." Such passages could help historians trace the influence of secret societies on the political movements of the time, which were notable for their focus on natural rights. The natural-rights concept set the stage for the American Revolution as well as the French Revolution.
有些段落甚至關於政治議題,指向一隻三頭怪獸,象徵著“統治和管治,以權力和背信棄義的手段,剝奪人的天然自由和及時行樂,和[那]是我們人類需要的。“這些段落可以幫助歷史學家追踪秘密社團在當時的政治運動的影響力,對他們關注在自然權利那是顯著的,自然權利的概念設下了美國革命以及法國大革命的階段。

For further details please click:
http://cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2011/10/25/8482183-secret-societys-code-cracked

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