2010年7月27日星期二

'少數派報告'科技被警察用於預測罪案

'少數派報告'科技被警察用於預測罪案
‘Minority Report’ technology used by police to predict crimes

Software that can predict when and where future violent crimes will be committed is being used in Britain for the first time.
軟件能預測未來暴力犯罪何時何地發生,首次被用於英國。
By Rebecca Lefort
Published: 8:30AM BST 25 Jul 2010

Two police forces have begun trialling the sophisticated programme, which has echoes of the Tom Cruise film Minority Report, where psychics are used to stop criminals before they commit a crime.
兩名警察已開始試行複雜程式,它呼應湯姆克魯斯的電影少數派報告,其中靈媒被用來在犯罪前阻止罪犯。
The system, known as Crush (Criminal Reduction Utilising Statistical History) evaluates crime records, intelligence briefings, offender profiles and even weather reports, to identify potential flashpoints where a crime is most likely to occur.
系統被稱為擠壓(利用統計歷史減少刑事 )用以評估犯罪記錄、情報簡報、罪犯簡介和甚至天氣報告,以確定潛在罪案是最有可能發生的熱點。
The “predictive analytics” technology has been credited as a key factor behind a 31 per cent fall in crime and 15 per cent drop in violent crime in Memphis, Tennessee, according to The Observer.
“預測分析”科技已被讚揚為一項關鍵因素,在田納西州孟菲斯市31%罪案和15%暴力犯罪下降的背後,據觀察家報。
John Williams, of the Memphis Crime Analysis Unit, said: “This is more of a proactive tool than reacting after crimes have occurred.

“This pretty much puts officers in the area at the time that the crimes are being committed.”

The software has been developed by IBM which has invested $11 billion in analytics over the past four years.
軟件已經由IBM開發,並在過去 4年已投資 110億美元在分析方面。
Mark Cleverley, the company’s head of government strategy, said: “What the technology does is what police officers have always done, sometimes purely on instinct – looking for patterns to work out what is likely to happen next.
公司的政府策略負責人馬克 Cleverley說:“科技所做的是警務人員經常在做的,有時純粹倚靠本能 - 尋找模式以找出什麼可能會在未來發生。
“What is different is the scale on which the systems operates and the speed at which the analysis takes place.”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/7908856/Minority-Report-technology-used-by-police-to-predict-crimes.html

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