2010年5月31日星期一

能源專家:核攻擊漏油是'唯一的事我們可以做'

專家設想用核爆封堵墨西哥灣漏油 美國政府拒絕
2010年 06月 04日 16:18 中國窗

【香港商報】訊 據“中央社”報道,一些紙上談兵的工程師數周前開始腦力激蕩,談論堵塞墨西哥灣漏油的方法,幷作出結論之一,那就是以核彈爆炸來封住海底油井。

紐約時報2日指出,據報數十年前蘇聯曾借核爆,成功封堵失控的天然氣井,作法是將一枚核彈深埋地下,借爆炸産生的高溫融化周圍岩石,達到堵住漏氣目的,如今這些工程師認爲不妨也嘗試一下。

報道說,每當英國石油公司(BP)堵塞漏油的方法失敗,這種主張的擁護者就會增加。

美國休士頓能源專家兼投資銀行家席蒙斯(Matt Simmons)5月28日告訴彭博社,“也許唯一可行之道是建立一種武器系統,安置到海面下1萬8000尺處幷加以引爆,這有可能將油井封住”;他將這個主意歸功于“所有最優秀的科學家”。

美國有綫電視新聞網(CNN)記者羅伯茲(John Roberts)上周則建議:“鑽個洞,把核彈丟進去,然後就可以把油井封上。”

本周因英國石油公司的“封頂”辦法失敗,議論之聲四起,迫使聯邦官員必須作出回應。能源部發言人穆勒(Stephanie Mueller)表示,無論朱棣文部長或其它任何官員,都沒有在墨西哥灣海床下進行核爆的念頭。

一名高層官員說:“這是荒唐的想法。”政府與民間核專家一致認爲,引爆核彈不僅在技術上有風險,輻射可能造成灾難性後果,同時在地緣政治上也是不智之舉,違反美國數十年來簽署和倡議的武器管制條約,何况奧巴馬總統目前正在推動全球核裁軍。

由網民、科學家和其它天才提出的許多構想,經由電話和電子郵件方式,塞爆了美國政府機構和漏油油井事主的英油公司,其中以核爆建議可能是最瘋狂的主張。監督墨西哥灣漏油事故的聯合指揮中心(Unified Command)網站顯示,已有逾7800人在網站上提出了建議。

(來源: 中國新聞網) 編輯: 藍博
http://www.hkcd.com.hk/content/2010-06/04/content_2535197.htm

能源專家:核攻擊漏油是'唯一的事我們可以做'
Energy expert: Nuking oil leak ‘only thing we can do’

By Daniel Tencer
Saturday, May 29th, 2010 -- 7:18 pm


BP 'totally in charge of the news' about oil leak, energy expert says
BP '完全負責對洩漏石油的新聞',能源專家說


As the latest effort to plug the oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico meets with failure, the idea of nuking the immediate area to seal the oil underground is gaining steam among some energy experts and researchers.
由於最新努力去堵塞墨西哥灣漏油遇見見失敗,以核攻擊最接近的地區去封閉地下油,正在一些能源專家和研究人員中賺得動力。
One prominent energy expert known for predicting the oil price spike of 2008 says sending a small nuclear bomb down the leaking well is "probably the only thing we can do" to stop the leak.
一個突出的能源專家以預測2008年油價飆升著稱,說發送一個小型核彈下洩漏井,“可能是唯一的事我們可以做'”去停止洩漏。
Matt Simmons, founder of energy investment bank Simmons & Company, also says that there is evidence of a second oil leak about five to seven miles from the initial leak that BP has focused on fixing. That second leak, he says, is so large that the initial one is "minor" in comparison.
能源投資銀行 Simmons&Company的創始人麥西蒙斯亦表示,有證據有第二處石油洩漏約 在5至7哩,從最初BP集中修理的洩漏。他說那第二處洩漏是如此之大,最初的那一個相對上是“小”的。
Simmons spoke to Bloomberg News on Friday, before BP announced that its latest effort to plug the leak, known as the "top kill" method, had failed.

"A week ago Sunday the first research vessel ... was commissioned by NOAA to scour the area," he said. They found "a gigantic plume" growing about five to seven miles from the site of the original leak, Simmons said.

Simmons said the US government should immediately take the effort to plug the leak out of the hands of BP and put the military in charge.

"Probably the only thing we can do is create a weapons system and send it down 18,000 feet and detonate it, hopefully encasing the oil," he said.

His idea echoes that of a Russian newspaper that earlier this month suggested the US detonate a small nuclear bomb to seal the oil beneath the sea. Komsomoloskaya Pravda argued in an editorial that Russia had successfully used nuclear weapons to seal oil spills on five occasions in the past.

現場科學報告:
Live Science reports:

Weapons labs in the former Soviet Union developed special nukes for use to help
pinch off the gas wells. They believed that the force from a nuclear explosion
could squeeze shut any hole within 82 to 164 feet (25 to 50 meters), depending
on the explosion's power. That required drilling holes to place the nuclear
device close to the target wells.

A first test in the fall of 1966
proved successful in sealing up an underground gas well in southern Uzbekistan,
and so the Russians used nukes four more times for capping runaway wells.
Simmons also told Bloomberg that the idea to use radical measures like a nuclear bomb to seal the leak is probably not being contemplated by decision-makers "because BP is still totally in charge of the news and they have everyone focused on the top kill."

Asked by a Bloomberg reporter about the risks involved in setting off a nuclear bomb off the coast of Louisiana, Simmons argued that a nuclear explosion deep inside a well bore would have little effect on surrounding areas.

"If you're 18,000 feet under the sea bed, it basically wont do anything [on the surface]," he said.

Joe Wiesenthal at Business Insider says the idea of using nukes will be getting a lot of attention now that the "top kill" procedure has failed.

Next, the so-called "nuclear option" is about to get a lot of attention. In this
case, of course, nuclear option is not a euphemism. It's the real idea that the
best way to kill this thing is to stick a small nuke in there and bury the well
under rubble. ... By the middle of the coming week, it will be all over cable
news, as pundits press The White House hard on whether it's being considered and
why not.

The following video was broadcast on Bloomberg News, Friday May 28, 2010.

Simmons Says Government Should Take Over BP Oil Clean Up: Video
西蒙斯說政府應接管BP石油清理:視頻

西元2010年05月28日


http://rawstory.com/rs/2010/0529/energy-expert-nuke-oil-leak/

英國石油:堵塞漏油失敗
(明報)2010年5月30日 星期日 08:30
英國 石油公司(BP)承認,試圖封堵墨西哥灣泄漏油井失敗。該公司表示,將嘗試新措施進行堵漏。

剛剛失敗的「頂壓」堵漏法採用泥漿注入和肥料填堵的辦法,但沒有取得預計效果。

這次洩漏是鑽井平台爆炸造成的。美國 路易斯安那州110多公里海岸受到污染,漁業和生態受到嚴重影響。

(英國廣播公司 )
http://hk.news.yahoo.com/article/100530/4/iaww.html

墨灣漏油 美國最大環境災難
(法新社)2010年5月31日 星期一 01:50


(法新社華盛頓 30日電) 美國 白宮能源暨氣候變遷顧問布朗納(Carol Browner)今天表示,墨西哥灣漏油事件可能是美國至今經歷的「最大環境災難」。

她告訴美國國家廣播公司(NBC)新聞訪談節目「會晤新聞界」(Meet the Press),這起漏油事件「可能是美國至今面對的最大環境災難」。

自「深水地平線」(Deepwater Horizon)鑽油平台於4月20日爆炸並在2天後沉沒至今,估計現在每天從海底破裂油管冒出的原油在1萬2000桶至1萬9000桶之間。(譯者:中央社郭傳信)
http://hk.news.yahoo.com/article/100530/8/ib6q.html

Sam Champion and Philippe Cousteau Jr. diving into the Oil Spill
薩姆及菲利普潛入油溢處

西元2010年05月25日


美國命令封鎖消息 對北韓魚雷襲擊墨西哥海灣鑽油機

九種方法去攪掂災難性漏油 俄羅斯提議用原子彈

伊朗願提供幫助給美國遏制石油洩漏

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